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本文摘要:Unit1:Topic1【重点单词】1. healthy(同义词)fit(名词)health2. win(已往式)won(名词)winner3. ski(现在分词)skiing4. famous(比力级)more famous5. arrive(同义词)reach6. leave(已往式))left7. popular(最高级)most popular【重点短语】1.during the summer holidays在暑假期间2.between…and…在两者之间3.ch


Unit1:Topic1【重点单词】1. healthy(同义词)fit(名词)health2. win(已往式)won(名词)winner3. ski(现在分词)skiing4. famous(比力级)more famous5. arrive(同义词)reach6. leave(已往式))left7. popular(最高级)most popular【重点短语】1.during the summer holidays在暑假期间2.between…and…在两者之间3.cheer sb. on为某人加油4.prefer doing sth.更喜欢做某事5.quite a bit/a lot许多6.plan to do sth.计划做某事7.have a skating club举行滑雪俱乐部8.go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking去滑雪/溜冰/骑车/爬山/远足9.arrive in/at到达10.play against…与……反抗/较量11.for long良久12.leave for…动身去…13.the day after tomorrow后天14.China’s national team中国国家队15.play baseball打棒球16.at least至少17.What a shame!多羞愧!18.be good at善于做某事19.take part in到场20.all over the world全世界21.be good for对……有益22.a good way一种好方法23.keep fit/healthy保持康健24.relax oneself放松某人自己【重点句型】1.What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什么?2.Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better?你更喜欢什么运动?I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪.3.Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪吗?4.She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 天天她至少花半小时在体育馆.5.She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping.她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳.6.What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动?7.Would you like to come and cheer us on? 你愿意来为我们加油吗?8.What are you going to be when you grow up? 当你长大后做什么?9.There is going to be a school sports meet next month.下月有一场运动会。【考点详解】1.see sb. do sth “瞥见某人做了某事” 强调行动的全历程;see sb. doing sth. “瞥见某人正在做某事” 强调行动正在举行。如:I saw her goacross the street. 我瞥见她过了马路。

I saw her goingacross the street. 我瞥见她正在过马路。2.join sb. 表现“加入某人的行列”“和某人在一起”join + 组织表现“加入某个组织”take part in 表现“到场某个运动”如:Will you join us?I will join the skiing club.She is planning to take part in the high jump.3.arrive in + 大所在arrive at + 小所在get to + 所在= reach + 所在如:My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday.I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall.注意:reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home4.leave… 脱离……leave for… 动身去…/脱离到…如:They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要脱离北京。They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本。

5.a few“几个,一些” 修饰可数名词a little“一点点” 修饰不数名词如:There are a few eggs in the basket.There is a little water in the bottle.6.how long 表现“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段.how often 表现“多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的频率.如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing?He plays basketballtwice a week. → How often does he play basketball?7. be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth.擅长于(做)某事如:She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.8. make sth/sb + adj.使某物(某人)在某种状态keep …sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态如:Playing soccer can make your body strong.Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy.【重点语法】一般未来时1. be going to 结构① 表现主语计划、计划做某事。这种计划常经由预先思量并含有自己做好某些准备的意思,因此通常认为用be going to表达的行动很可能会见诸实践。I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday.我计划本周日和同学们一起打篮球。She is going to buy a sweater for her mother.她计划为她妈妈买一件毛衣。

②表预测,指凭据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发生。Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain.瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了!2. will + 动词原形表现单纯的未来事实,常与表未来的时间状语如:tomorrow, soon, later, next time(week/month/year…)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll.①表现作出立刻的决议。

这种意图并未经由事先的思量或计划,是暂时的一种决议。---Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你的工具收拾好。

---I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。

②表现预测。指说话人对于未来的看法、假设和推测。I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。

③表现许诺。I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得更好的。I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。

句式:肯定句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon.否认句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon.一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon?回覆:Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t.3. 动词plan, come, go, leave等瞬时动词用现在举行时表现将要发生的事。I’m coming. 我就来。He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。

We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。Topic2【重点单词】1. 词形转换(1) adj. + ly → adv.loud → loudly soft → softly quiet → quietlyclear → clearly angry → angrily easy → easily(2)已往式fall → fell break → broke lose →lost throw → threw feel → felt(3)ill (同义词)sick (名词)illnessstart(同义词)beginfar(反义词)nearsmoke(现在分词)smokingcareless(反义词)carefulimportant(比力级) more importantenjoy(现在分词)enjoying9.invent(名词)invention; inventorindoor(反义词)outdoorcentury(复数)centuriescoach(复数)coachesfeel (名词)feelingtiring(近义词)tired【重点短语】1.have a soccer game 举行一场足球赛2.fall ill 病倒了3.be a little far from… 离……有点远4.right away = at once 连忙;马上5.miss a good chance 错过一个好时机6.get/miss a goal 获得/失去一分7.shame on sb. 为某人感应羞耻8.do one’s best 尽某人的力9.say sorry to sb. 对某人说歉仄10.be sure to do sth. 确定做某事11.be angry with… 生某人的气12.with one’s help= with the help of sb. 在某人的资助下13.serve food 上菜14.turn up/down… 调高/低(音量)15.keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事16.in a minute 一分钟后;马上17.on the phone 在电话中18.take a seat 就坐19.never mind 没关系20.a lot of traveling 一系列旅行21.love/enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事22.have a very exciting life 过着很是兴奋的生活23.as well 也24.throw…into… 把……投进……25.follow/obey the rules 遵守规则26.over a century later 一个多世纪后27.more and more people 越来越多的人28.feel tired 感应疲劳29.instead of… 替代……30.ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事31.make a plan for sb. 为某人订一份计划32.build up 增进;增强33.have fun doing sth. 乐于做…..做某事34.be important to 对于......来说是重要35.in a minute/ at once/ right away 连忙/马上【重点句型】1.Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me? = Could you give me a hand?你能帮我吗?2.Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗?3.Would you mind not smoking here? 你不要在这里吸烟好吗?4.You are always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意.5.I’m very sorry for what I said. 我为所说感应到致歉。6.We are sure to win next time 下次,我们一定回赢。

7.Let me buy you a new one. = Let me buy a new one for you. 让我为你买一个新的。8.He invented an indoor game for his students so thatthey could play it even in bad weather. 他为他的学生们发现了一项室内运动以便他们甚至在恶劣的天气也能玩。9.And you can throw it withone hand or both hands.你能用一只手或两只手投掷它。

10.I have great fun running and I feel well and look fit 我总是快乐地跑步和我感应很好,看上去很康健。【考点详解】1.ill 与 sick 都表现 “生病的”, ill只能作表语,而sick既可作表语也可作定语。The man is ill/sick. 谁人男子病了. (作表语)He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语)2.Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表现“(不)做某事介意/好吗?”Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它好吗?Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/介意吗?3. one of + 名词复数,表现 “其中之一……”, 主语是one,表单数。

One of my teammates is strong and tall. 其中我的一个队友又高又壮。4. miss 错过,忖量,遗失I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车.He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲.My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了.5. be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子 “确定做某事”We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time.我们确信下次一定会赢。

6.be sorry for… “为某事歉仄”be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很歉仄做了某事”I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感应歉仄。I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book. 很歉仄弄丢你的书。

7. tired adj. “(感应)疲惫的” , 主语是人。如:I feel tired today. 今天我感应累了.tiring adj. “令人疲劳的”, 主语是事物如:This job is tiring. 这份事情令人疲惫.类似的有: excited 感应兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的interested 感应有趣的 interesting 有趣的8. 15-year-old “15岁的”;15 years old “15岁”如:He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old.9. instead “替代,相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面用逗号离隔。instead of…“替代……;而不是……”I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我不会去上海而会去北京。

= I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai.I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶而不是水。10.have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth. 表现 “从做…….中获得兴趣”如:I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在跑步中获得很大兴趣。【外交用语】1. 请求和回覆Requests(请求)Responses(回覆)Could you please do me a favor?Sure. What is it?Will you join us?I’d be glad to.Would you mind teaching me?Not at all. Let’s go and practice.2. 致歉和回覆Apologies(致歉)Responses(回覆)I’m sorry I didn’t call you last night.Never mind. I guess you were busy last night.I’m sorry I’m late for class.That’s OK.Please take a seat.I’m sorry I lost your book.It doesn’t matter.That book isn’t important to me.I’m sorry I broke your pen.Don’t worry. I have another pen.Topic3【重点短语】1.join the English club 加入英语俱乐部2.host the 2008 Olympics 举行2008年奥运会3.fill out 填出/填好4.go on 发生,举行5.all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方6.quite a lot 相当多7.make friends with… 与……交朋侪8.be afraid of恐怕9.be free 有空10.see you then 再见11.win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌12.get 28 gold medals 获得28枚金牌13.the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金牌的获胜者14.every four years 每四年,每隔三年15.the mascot for the Beijing Olympics 北京奥运会的祥瑞物16.behave well 举止得体17.improve the environment 改善情况18.plant trees and grass 种植花卉树木19.a symbol of… 一种……的象征20.stand for 代表21.the five parts of the world 世界的五大部门22.do morning exercises 做早操23.be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事【重点句型】1. Could you tell me your name? 你能告诉我你的名字吗?= What’s your name?2. What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?3. Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 北京将主办2008年奥运会。4. More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi(= take my taxi) now.现在越来越多的外国朋侪搭我的出租车.5. Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大资助。

6. Please fill it out. 请把它填好.7. What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend?本周末的天气怎样?8. There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路.9. When shall we meet? 我们什么时候晤面?10. Let’s make it half past six. 咱们把时间定在六点半吧。【考点详解】1.fill out + 名词 “填好……”fill + 名词/代词+out如:Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格。Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好。

2.be afraid…“恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人.be afraid of…“畏惧(做)……”如:I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空。He is afraid of dogs. 他畏惧狗。They are afraid of losing the game. 他们畏惧输了角逐.3.may be“可能是……” may是情态动词maybe“或许; 可能” maybe是副词如:He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师。

He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字。4.between 在两者之间among 在三者或三者以上当中如:The answer is between A and B. 谜底在A和B 之间。

The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中。5. There be 句型的一般未来时正:There will bea sports meeting in our school this weekend.= There is going to bea sports meeting in our school this weekend.误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.= There is going to havea sports meeting in our school this weekend.【外交用语】提建议的句型:Would you like to gohiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗?What/How about goinghiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样?Why don’t you gohiking with us? 你为什么反面我们一起去远足呢?Why not gohiking with us? 为什么反面我们一起去远足呢?Let’sgohiking. 让我们一起去远足吧!Would you mind goinghiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗?Would you pleasego hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足好吗?Unit2Topic1【重点短语】1.have a cold/a toothache /a fever/a cough/a backache/a stomachache/a sore throat /the flu /sore eyes伤风/牙疼/发烧/咳嗽/背疼胃疼/咽喉发炎/流感/眼疼2.take a rest=have a rest 休息3.not read for too long 不要看书太久4.boiled water 开水5.stay in bed 卧病在床,躺在床上6.have a good sleep 好好睡一觉7.feel terrible 感受难受8.day and night 日日夜夜9.You'd better=You had better 你最好…10.not so well 很欠好11.not too bad 没什么大碍12.much better 很多多少了13.go to see a doctor 去看病14.take/have some medicine 吃药15.take…to… 把…带到…16.send-…to… 把…送到…17.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶18.lie down 躺下19.look after=take care of 照看,照顾20.brush teeth 刷牙21.have an accident 发生一次意外/事故22.don't worry 别担忧23.worry about 担忧24.nothing serious 没什么严重,没什么大碍25.check over 诊断,仔细检查26.thank you for 因…而谢谢你27.buy…for… 为…买…28.not…-until… 直到…才…29.ice cream 冰淇淋30.both…and… ...和…都是......31.take some cold pills 吃伤风药32.plenty of 许多,大量【重点句型】1. What's wrong with you/him/her?你/他/她怎么了?=What's the matter with......?=What's the trouble with......?2. You should see a dentist. 你应该去看牙医。这是一种表达建议的句子。

还可以用以下句式:you'd better(not)...how/what about...why not/don't you...3. I'm sorry to hear that. 听到这个消息我很惆怅。(这是表现同情别人的句子。)4. You look pale. 你看起来很苍白。(1)在英语中表现气色欠好,苍白,用pale(2)“look ”在这里译作“看起来”,作连系动词,后接形容词。

与look用法相同的连系动词另有 tast ,sound ,smell ,feel。如:The soup tastes very delicious. 这汤尝起来真香。Your voice sound nice. 你的声音听起来很感人。

The flowers smell sweet. 这些花闻起来很香。The silk feels smooth 丝绸摸起来很平滑。5.---Shall I take you to the hospital? 我送你去医院吧?---No,thank you. 不用,谢谢。6. I'll take some medicine and see how it goes. 我计划先吃药看看情况再说。

“goes”在这里指事情的希望。“it ”用来代指病情。如:How is everything going? 一切希望如何?Everything is going well. 一切希望顺利。

7. You'd better drink hot tea with honey. 你最好喝加蜂蜜的热茶。tea with honey 加了蜂蜜的茶,with表现一种陪同状态。类似的表达另有:some coffee with sugar and milk 加了牛奶和糖的咖啡some tea without sugar 不加糖的茶8. Michael had an accident yesterday. 昨天迈克发生了事故。

had an accident 发生了事故9. But my left leg still hurts when I move it. 可是当我挪动脚时,还是有点儿疼。句中“hurt”译为“疼痛”,作不及物动词。后不行接宾语。10. Your X-rays show it's nothing serious. 你的X光照片显示没什么严重的问题。

nothing serious 没什么严重的nothing ,something ,anything等不定代词,被形容词修饰时,形容词位于其后。11. Stay in bed and don't move your leg too much. 躺在床上,不要总是挪动你的腿。12. Michael's friends bought some chocolate for him . 迈克的朋侪给他买了一些巧克力。

buy sth for sb. 双宾语的运用。使用双宾语时,在人宾前需要使用介词,有时用“to”有时用“for ”,这与动词自己有关,表现动词的偏向,多用“to”,表现动词的目的,多用“ for ”give sth to sb. pass sth to sb.bring sth to sb. take sth to sb.cook sth for sb. buy sth for to sb .13. ...but I couldn't read them until today. 可是直到今天我才读了它们。not...until... 直到......才...... until 在肯定句动词一般用延续性动词,在否认句中动词一般为短暂性动词。

如:He will wait for his father until ten o'clock.他将等他父亲一直到10点钟。He won't leave until his father comes. 他直到他父亲回来才脱离。【重点语法】1. had better 的形式和用法1) 牢固短语had better具有情态意义,也可以看作情态动词。译为“最好”,它只有一种形式,没有人称和数的变化,后常跟动词原形,是给人提出建议的一种方式。

如:You had better go to see the doctor. 你最好去看医生。You'd better eat a lot of fruit and drink plenty of water. 你最很多多少吃水果,多喝水。2)Had better的否认结构为 had better not。

如:You'd better not eat hot food. 你最好别吃辛辣的食物。You'd better not work today. 你今天最好别事情。2. shall的用法1) 作助动词时,英式英语中表现未来,可与第一人称连用,但在口语中所有人称都用will。

如:I shall/will be in New York this time next week .下周这个时候我就在纽约了。注意:美语则不管什么人称,一律用will。2)作情态动词时表征询意见,用于第一人称的疑问句中。

如:Shall I take you to the hospital? 要不要我带你去医院?What shall we do this weekend? 这个周末我们要作什么呢?Topic 2【重点短语】1. stay up late 熬夜2. be bad for 对......有害3. be good for 对......有益4. too much 太多,太过5. do morning exercises 做早操6. keep long fingernails 留长指甲7. play sports right 举行适当的体育磨炼8. go to school without breakfast 不吃早餐去上学9. have a bath 洗澡10. take a fresh breath 呼吸新鲜空气11. read ...about... 读关于......12. Ren'ai English Post 仁爱英语报13. ask sb to do 叫某人做某事14. give up 放弃15. read in the sun 在太阳底下看书16. throw litter about 乱扔垃圾17. on the lawn 在草坪上18. put...into... 把......放进......19. exercise on an empty stomach 空腹磨炼20. get into 进入21. keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新22. wash hands before meals 饭前洗手23. potato chips 炸薯条【重点句型】1. Staying up late is bad for your health. 熬夜有害康健。1) stay up late 熬夜2) be bad for 对......有害。

类似的短语另有: be good for 对......有利益3) staying up late is... 动名词作主语。当我们需要一个动词充当主语时,常用此动词的动名词(即doing)形式。如:Playing basketball is good for your heath. 打篮球对你的身体有利益。Reading in bed is bad for your eyes. 躺在床上看书对眼睛有害。

Swimming is my hobby. 游泳是我的喜好。2. It will keep you active during the day. 它会使你在白昼保持活力。

keep sth/sb .+adj. 保持某物/某人在某种状态。如:keep your fingersails clean 保持你的指甲洁净。

keep our streets clean 让街道保持洁净。3. Different foods help us in different ways. 差别的食物对我们有差别的作用.in different ways译为“用差别的方式”。

4. If we eat too littele or too much food...如果我们吃太少或太多食物......little 少得险些没有,表否认,修饰不行数名词。a little 有一些,表现肯定,修饰不行数名词。与 little ,a little类似的用法的另有 few, a few。

few少得险些没有,表否认,修饰可数名词。a few有一些,表现肯定,修饰可数名词。5. Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的磨炼,它是身体康健必不行少的。

be necessary for 对......来说是必不行少的 如:Sunshine is necessary for our life. 阳光对于我们的生活来说是必不行少的。Food is necessary for life. 食物是生命所必须的。【重点语法】1. 情态动词must及其否认形式 must notmust 译为“必须做......”其否认意义“不必做......”,用don't have to/needn't/don't need to表现,而不用must not。如:——Must Ifinish it tonight?——No, you don't have to.must not 译作“克制做......”。

如:You must not throw litter about.=Don't throw litter about.别随处乱扔垃圾。2. 情态动词may①表现请求允许,译作“可以”。

如:May I come in? 我可以进来吗?②表现推测,译作“可能”。如:You may get a headache when you work too hard. 当你事情太累时你可能回感应头疼。

You may get a headache when you can't get enough sleep. 当你睡眠不足时,你可能会头疼。Topic 3【重点短语】1. hurry up 快点,赶忙2. go ahead(尤指经某人允许)开始,干下去,走在前面,领先3. do more exercise 多磨炼4. do some cleaning 做扫除5. all the time 一直6. have to 不得不,必须7. keep away 远离...8. just a moment 稍等一会儿9. get through 拨通(电话);通过10. take care of 照顾11. care for 照顾(病人);照料;喜欢12. talk with 和...攀谈13. enjoy oneself 过得愉快14. Chinese medicine 中药15. since then 从那时起16. get lost 丢失了,迷路17. on one's way to... 在某人去...的路上18. by mistake 错误地19. ask for leave 请假20. healthy food 康健食物21. crowded places 拥挤的地方22. do one`s best 努力23. change clothes often 常易服服24. wash hands often 常洗手25. ring...up 打电话给...26. leave a message 留口信27. take a message 带口信28. call...back 给...回电话29. take an active part in 努力到场30. the name of... ...的名称31. what do you think of...? 你认为...怎么样?32. have a good time=enjoy oneself 过得愉快33. next time 下次34. let...out 让 ...出去35. teach oneself on the Internet 网上自学36. be afraid of 畏惧...,恐惧...【重点句型】1. Sure, go ahead. 固然可以,请问吧!ahead 意思是向前,这里的go ahead原意为向前走,在这里译作继续问问题,相当于go on。

2. Please tell my father to take care of himself. 请告诉我爸爸照顾好自己。take care of 照顾,照料。同义词:look aftertell sb to do sth/ask sb to do sth/want sb to do sth/get sb to do sth 表现让某人去做某时事3. Can I take a message? 我能为您捎个口信吗?take a message 捎口信leave a message 留口信give a message to... 给某人一个口信4. I'll tell her when she comes back. 她一回来我就告诉她。

本句是由when引导的时间状语从句。当主句的动词用一般未来时时,从句一般用现在时。如:He'll phoneme when he arrives in Beijing .当他到北京时,他将回给我打电话。

5. ..., he took an active part in the battle against it. 他努力投身于抗击“非典”的战斗中。against 与......相反抗take part in... 到场......;加入到某种运动中take an active part in... 努力到场......,如:You should take an active part in the sports meet in your school.你应该努力到场你们学校的运动会。6. He cared for the patients. 他日夜体贴着病人。care for sb. 体贴某人7. It's my duty to save the patients. 救治病人是我的职责。

It's...to do... 做某事是......,在此句式中,“to do...”是真正的主语,而“it ”是形式主语,类似的句式有:It's dangerous to climb the tree. 爬树很危险。8. Long time no see. 很久没见!这是一句常用口语,在久别重逢的朋侪之间,还可以说:“Haven't seen you for a long time!”。9. I tought myself on the Internet. 我在网上自学。1) on the Internet 在网络上。

介词on用来表现在网上、电视上、收音机里、电话里。如:2) on the phone, on the radio ,on tv3) teach oneself 自学,近义词组为: learn by oneself10. How often does Mr Brown exercise? 布朗先生多长时间磨炼一次?how often 对频率提问,回覆用 once/twice/three times...a day/a week/...exercise在这里为动词,意思是“磨炼,运动”。【重点语法】1. 反身代词的形式单数 复数myself ourselvesyourself yourselveshimself themselvesherself themselvesitself themselves2. 反身代词的用法1)“by+反身代词”表现“单独地,独自一人地”。

如:The boy couldn't make the model plane by himself. 谁人男孩不能独自制作飞机模型。2)反身代词常与一些动词连用。如:“teach+反身代词”表现“自学”;“ hurt+反身代词”表现“伤到自己”。如:Jane teaches herself English. 简自学英语。

Lily fell down and hurt herself yesterday. 昨天莉莉自己摔伤了。注:反身代词与个体动词搭配使用,意思发生变化。

如:“help +反身代词+to...”表现“随便吃...”;“ enjoy+反身代词”表现“...玩得开心”。Help yourself to some strawberries,please. 请随便吃些草莓。They enjoyed themselves at the party last night. 昨晚在晚会上他们玩得很开心。

3)反身代词作名词或代词的同位语时,起增强语气的作用,可译为“亲自,本人”。如:You'd better ask your teacher about it yourself. 你最好亲自去问你的老师。